With the Allies taking control of all of North Africa in May 1943, the U-Boats mission in the Mediterranean changed. From now on, they must protect “Fortress Europe” against future Allied landings. Five submarines set off against the Allied landing in Sicily in July 1943, which was not, however, stopped. In the Toulon and Pola arsenals, the submarines receive a new double platform at the rear of the kiosk in order to increase their anti-aircraft weaponry against planes, with eight 20mm guns. In September 1943, six seasoned commanders set off to try to stop the Allied landing in Salerno, successes were recorded. The use of acoustic torpedoes from November also allows them to sink more enemy warships. In December, construction work on a submarine base in Marseille was halted by massive bombardment ... At the beginning of 1944, the submarines of the Big Blue fight against the ships supplying the Allied beachhead of Anzio, a 17th "Mediterranean" Knight's Cross is awarded. On May 16, 1944, a 62nd U-Boat still crosses the Strait of Gibraltar, it will be the last reinforcement ... The submersibles, uncovered in the port of Toulon awaiting a snorkel, are gradually put out of service by bombardments Americans… A single sail from Toulon facing the Allied armada assembled for the landing of Provence on August 15. Three U-Boats, equipped with snorkels and refugees in the eastern Mediterranean, still survive until September 1944 ....
Format : A4
Pages number : 366
Pictures number : 650
Language : French
Color profiles : Not specified
ISBN : 9782840485612
Author : Luc Braeuer
Publishing : Editions HEIMDAL
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